burden

burden
1. n ноша; тяжесть; груз

to plod under the weight of a burden — едва тащиться под тяжестью ноши

2. n мор. грузоподъёмность; регистровый тоннаж
3. n вес партии материала

burden distribution — распределение шихтовых материалов

burden depth — высота столба шихтовых материалов

burden weigh — вес столба шихтовых материалов

burden charge — подача шихтовых материалов

4. n физ. вторичная нагрузка

burden rating — нагрузка

burden ratio — рудная нагрузка

light burden — малая рудная нагрузка

straight ore burden — рядовая рудная нагрузка

double burden of women — двойная нагрузка женщин

5. n бремя

burden of taxation — налоговое бремя

the burden of years — бремя лет

burden of armaments — бремя вооружений

tax burden — налоговое бремя

record burden — рекордное бремя

burden of proof — бремя доказывания

remove a burden from — снять бремя с

evidential burden — бремя доказывания

6. n горн. наносы, покрывающие породы
7. n горн. отношение пустой породы к полезному ископаемому
8. v нагружать
9. v обременять, отягощать

to burden with tasks — обременять заданиями

burden with debts — обременять долгами

burden with expenses — обременять расходами

10. n тема; суть, основная мысль

this was the burden of his remarks — в этом была суть его замечаний

11. n припев, рефрен
12. n уст. аккомпанемент
Синонимический ряд:
1. accountability (noun) accountability; blame; liability; responsibility
2. encumbrance (noun) affliction; cross; difficulty; encumbrance; grievance; hardship; impediment; ordeal; trial
3. essence (noun) central idea; concern; core; effect; epitome; essence; gist; point
4. load (noun) cargo; charge; clog; cumber; deadweight; duty; freight; haul; impost; lading; load; millstone; onus; payload; task; tax; weight
5. refrain (noun) chorus; refrain
6. substance (noun) amount; body; crux; drift; import; kernel; matter; meat; nub; nubbin; pith; purport; sense; short; strength; substance; sum and substance; sum total; thrust; upshot
7. tax (noun) millstone; onus; tax; weight
8. charge (verb) charge; clog; cumber; lade; load; lumber; saddle; task; tax; weigh; weight
9. encumber (verb) encumber; exercise; freight; hamper; handicap; hinder; impede; lay; overload; strain; weigh down
10. oppress (verb) afflict; oppress; trouble; vex; worry
Антонимический ряд:
acceleration; airiness; alleviation; assuagement; consolation; disburden; ease; expedition; facility; free; liberation; lightness; mitigation

English-Russian base dictionary . 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "burden" в других словарях:

  • burden — bur·den n 1: something that is a duty, obligation, or responsibility the prosecution has the burden of proving every element of the offense the statute imposes undue burden s burden of pleading the necessary elements 2 …   Law dictionary

  • burden — bur‧den [ˈbɜːdn ǁ ˈbɜːrdn] noun [countable] 1. something that causes people a lot of difficulty or worry: • In less prosperous areas the taxes were, for many, such a burden that they lived in poverty. 2. particular costs such as taxes or interest …   Financial and business terms

  • Burden — Bur den (b[^u] d n), n. [Written also burthen.] [OE. burden, burthen, birthen, birden, AS. byr[eth]en; akin to Icel. byr[eth]i, Dan. byrde, Sw. b[ o]rda, G. b[ u]rde, OHG. burdi, Goth. ba[ u]r[thorn]ei, fr. the root of E. bear, AS. beran, Goth.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burden — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: Chris Burden (* 1946), US amerikanischer Künstler Hugh Burden (1913–1985), britischer Schauspieler und Dramatiker Jane Burden (1839–1914), Modell und Muse der Präraffaeliten Burden ist außerdem der Name mehrerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • burden — n *load, cargo, freight, lading burden vb Burden, encumber, cumber, weigh, weight, load, lade, tax, charge, saddle are comparable when they mean to lay a heavy load upon or to lie like a heavy load upon a person or thing. Burden implies the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Burden — Bur den, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burdened}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Burdening}.] 1. To encumber with weight (literal or figurative); to lay a heavy load upon; to load. [1913 Webster] I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened. 2 Cor. viii. 13.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burden — burden1 [bʉrd′ n] n. [ME birthen < OE byrthen, akin to ON byrthr, a load: for IE base see BEAR1] 1. anything that is carried; load 2. anything one has to bear or put up with; heavy load, as of work, duty, responsibility, or sorrow 3. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Burden — Bur den (b[^u]r d n), n. [OE. burdoun the bass in music, F. bourdon; cf. LL. burdo drone, a long organ pipe, a staff, a mule. Prob. of imitative origin. Cf. {Bourdon}.] 1. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burden — Burden, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 564 Housing Units (2000): 236 Land area (2000): 0.526134 sq. miles (1.362682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.009121 sq. miles (0.023623 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.535255 sq. miles (1.386305 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Burden, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 564 Housing Units (2000): 236 Land area (2000): 0.526134 sq. miles (1.362682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.009121 sq. miles (0.023623 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.535255 sq. miles (1.386305 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • burden — ► NOUN 1) a heavy load. 2) a cause of hardship, worry, or grief. 3) the main responsibility for a task. 4) the main theme of a speech, book, or argument. 5) a ship s carrying capacity. ► VERB 1) load heavily …   English terms dictionary


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